Cannabis is a vast genus, and its species have numerous strains. These strains are composed of varying quantities of different compounds. Cannabinoids are unique to the marijuana plant and possess specific therapeutic properties because of their ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system.

These cannabinoids can engage the system’s receptors and help our body maintain homeostasis by regulating processes such as:

  • Sleep
  • Immune response
  • Muscle control
  • Blood pressure
  • Appetite
  • Pain management
  • Inflammation
  • Memory
  • Mood

What Is Cannabis Strain?

Cannabis strains are made with variations in the genetic makeup of the cannabis plant, which creates different effects, appearances, and aromas. Cross-pollination of Cannabis has evolved different strains such as sour diesel, white widow, ACDC, etc.

Here are some critical cannabinoids that give variations to a strain:


CBD has become the most famous non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which can effectively reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. It works well for treating inflammation and mental health issues such as epileptic seizures, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s disease.


THC is the most prominent psychoactive compound of the cannabis plant. It can cause a disorientating high, but a controlled quantity can also offer several health benefits. THC is highly useful for pain caused by chronic health issues such as cancer and arthritis.


THCV is another famous cannabinoid that is a chemical cousin of THC, but it has a slightly different structure that decides its effects. THCV can cause an energizing high, which can lift the mood and reduce anxiety.


CBDV has anticonvulsant properties that can help in reducing the frequency of epileptic seizures. CBDV has also proved to be useful for reducing nausea in rats.


CBG is another common cannabinoid extracted from the hemp plant. It is a strong neuroprotector; CBG can promote neurogenesis in patients suffering from Huntington’s disease.


Older Cannabis plants contain a higher level of CBN because, as THC ages, it is converted into CBN. The sedative property of CBN makes it an excellent option for treating insomnia.



CBC is also helpful in boosting mood, pain relief, and reducing inflammation. It is another health cannabinoid found in many strains of cannabis. 

Terpenes and Their Influence on Different Strains

Cannabinoids are not the only compounds that determine the properties of a strain. Terpenes are aromatic compounds. The pungent and musky scent of cannabis is produced by these terpenes. There are about 150 terpenes found in cannabis which create a unique effect profile in each strain. The most common terpenes found in cannabis are Myrcene, Limonene, Pinene Linalool, Humulene, and Terpinolene.

Each Cannabis Strain Is Different

Since the chemical composition is different, each strain offers slightly varying effects. Ghost OG and Nevils Wreck are potent THC-rich strains preferable for recreational use. On the other hand, strains like ACDC, Cannabtoinc, and Harle-Tsu have a significant quantity of CBD so that they can be used for medicinal purposes. Strong strains are not favourable for people who are using cannabis for the first time as they may cause side effects. If you are looking to use cannabis for the first time, make sure to study the strain you want to try first. 




Cannabinoids seem to have invaded the world with their excellent therapeutic properties as they work profoundly well with the human endocannabinoid system. However, you should always see your health care practitioner before taking any cannabis-related products and go through the law regarding THC and CBD.