Cannabis has been around for centuries, and we only knew it for its euphoric effects. However, research has shown that the plant is composed of numerous essential and healthy compounds which can help the body in various ways. 

Ancient Chinese people used marijuana or cannabis for pain relief. Research carried out in the last few decades shows that cannabis is composed of more than 100 different and exceptionally useful compounds. 


CBD and THC are the most critical compounds of cannabis. Cannabidiol, CBD is the most prevalent cannabinoid after THC.

THC is a psychoactive component of cannabis and is responsible for the psychotropic effects produced by the drug. On the other hand, CBD is completely non-psychoactive and does not produce any adverse effects on the brain and cognitive function.

These cannabinoids work by intermingling with the endocannabinoid system. ECS is the powerhouse of our body and regulates essential physical functions. These cannabinoids can help in boosting the performance of ECS by interacting with the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

ECS regulates the following functions with the help of endogenous cannabinoids. 

  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Emotional Processing
  • Sleep
  • Temperature Control
  • Pain Control
  • Inflammatory And Immune Responses, 
  • Eating

Both these compounds are cannabinoids and have some similar and contrasting features. Here are a few of the similarities and differences between CBD and THC.


What is THC?

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is undoubtedly the most critical cannabinoid of marijuana. It is the component responsible for producing the typical high associated with marijuana. Research has shown that THC binds directly to the brain receptors and accelerates their working. 

Health Benefits of THC

THC is crucial for recreational effects. However, it has now become an important ingredient of medical marijuana, which can be used to treat the symptoms of chronic health issues such as multiple sclerosis, Glaucoma, and chronic inflammation. 

It can also help with:

  • Pain
  • Muscle Spasticity
  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Low Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety


Side Effects of THC

Regular use of the increased quantity of THC also causes severe side effects like:

  • Increased Heart Rate
  • Coordination Problems
  • Dry Mouth
  • Red Eyes
  • Slower Reaction Times
  • Memory Loss


What is CBD?

CBD is another relatively safe cannabinoid of cannabis that occurs in smaller quantities in most strains. It also unregulates the endocannabinoid system but does not directly bind to receptors which is why it’s pretty safe. Research has shown that our body can easily tolerate quite a high quantity of CBD. 


Health Benefits of CBD

CBD has emerged with a long list of health benefits. It can help in boosting some critical physiological functions such as sleep, pain, and inflammation. 

Here are some common benefits of CBD:

  • Chronic Pain
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Inflammation
  • Migraines
  • Anxiety
  • Epilepsy
  • Depression


Side Effects of CBD

CBD is primarily safe, but some people may experience subtle changes in their weight and appetite. It can also cause vomiting and nausea in first-time users. Our body can easily tolerate up to 1500mg of CBD per day. It is recommended to avoid CBD use with other medicines without consulting your health care practitioner.